Kripa Hospital Diabetic Research Center-Thiruvalla - Kerala - India

Many oral medications are available for patients with type 2 diabetes that either increase the amount of insulin produced by the pancreas (sulfonylureas and meglitinides), reduce the production of glucose in the liver (biguanides), reduce the amount of glucose that in the digestive track (alpha-glucosidase inhibitors), make the body more sensitive to insulin (thiazolidinediones), or increase the amount of insulin produced by the pancreas after a meal (dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors).

There are also non-insulin medications that do not require injection. These medications (GLP-1 agonists) slow glucose absorption in the gut and increase insulin secretion from the pancreas when glucose is too high.

Some patients with type 2 diabetes may eventually require insulin therapy. Patients with type 1 diabetes will always require insulin. Different types of insulin therapies are available and work within body at different response rates.

One option for patients requiring insulin is an insulin pump. An insulin pump is a small, battery-powered device that delivers insulin continuously throughout the day via a small plastic catheter placed under the skin. This technology has the ability to work in conjunction with a CGM.

"Every mountain top is within reach if you just keep climbing." — Richard James Molloy